FAQ Skin Conditions

There are various skin conditions which our laser, medical facials and other treatments, can help to diminish and, in some cases, totally eradicate.

Below you will find a list of popular questions we often receive regarding skin conditions and what causes them. We hope you will find the answers helpful in explaining how we can help.

What is skin rejuvenation?

The skin rejuvenation process is defined as a process that takes place to attempt the reversal of visible signs of ageing. Skin rejuvenation procedures have the ability to diminish wrinkles and lines as well as firm loose and sagging areas of the skin leaving the skin with a younger appearance.


Acne is one of the world’s most common skin conditions, affecting over 85% of adolescents by the age of 24 years and up to 50% of adults over 25 years of age. Acne is a widespread and upsetting condition. It can produce lifelong physical and emotional scarring. Acne is NOT caused by bad diet or greasy foods. In fact, acne develops when the sebaceous glands in a person's skin produces excess oil. This oil combines with cells that line the gland walls and clogs the skin's pores. Normal skin bacteria colonise these pores and the body's response causes the inflammation or reddening of the skin that we associate with acne. Acne has an impact on self-confidence. But it doesn’t have to be like that, imagine how much better you’d feel if people looked at you rather than your skin. At Specific skin we could help you achieve that!

Pigmentation/Age Spots/Freckles/Photo Rejuvenation

Pigmentation means coloring. Skin pigmentation disorders affect the color of your skin. Skin cells give your skin color by making a substance called melanin. When these cells become damaged or unhealthy, it affects melanin production. Some pigmentation disorders affect just patches of skin. Others affect your entire body.

If your body makes too much melanin, your skin gets darker.

Factors that may cause hyperpigmentation (meaning that the skin becomes darker):
  • Hormones
  • Pregnancy
  • Medication
  • Addison's disease
  • Sun exposure

Acne scarring

Acne scarring is the result of inflammation within the dermis brought on by Acne. The wound trying to heal itself creates the scar. The result is then too much collagen in one location. Acne Scars are often referred to as “Icepick” scars, as they tend to cause an indentation in the skin’s surface. Another form of Acne Scarring is pigmentation, where the skin may be marked inflamed red and/or brown. Pigmentation and Acne Scars can fade over time, although some pigmentation scarring can last forever if untreated.


Wrinkles are creases, folds or ridges in the skin. The first wrinkles to appear on our face tend to occur as a result of facial expressions. Sun damage, smoking, dehydration, some medications, as well as a number of other factors may also cause wrinkles to develop.

Ingrowing hair and beard bumps

Anyone can suffer from ingrowing hair and shaving bumps, but it’s more common amongst Afro-Caribbean’s and others with tight curly hair where hairs can get trapped inside the hair follicle, leading to irritation and swelling. This condition can be very painful. Treatments for this condition will help overcome this problem and restore a smooth appearance to the skin, often almost immediately following treatment.

Broken capillaries

Broken capillaries are commonly found on the cheeks and/or nose area. These appear as small red / pink threads under the skins surface. Broken capillaries occur when the capillary walls narrow and widen too quickly causing the muscles in the walls to tear. This in turn allows the blood to seep out resulting in broken capillaries. Dehydrated, dry and sensitive skins often have thin skin, providing less protection and subsequently are the most commonly effected skin types.

Influencing contributors to broken capillaries may include:
  • Extreme weather changes (hot / cold)
  • Sunburn
  • Too much pressure (for example, wearing glasses or pressing on the skin)


Rosacea is a skin condition usually present on the face, neck, chest, scalp, ears and/or forehead causing the skin to appear red in colour. Over time, the redness tends to become ruddier and more persistent, and visible blood vessels may appear. Rosacea can often come and go at various stages of one’s life. Rosacea affects both sexes, but is almost three times more common in women between the ages of 30 years and 60 years.

Triggers that can cause rosacea episodes (flushing and blushing) may include:
  • Exposure to temperature extremes
  • Strenuous exercise
  • Heat from sunlight
  • Severe sunburn
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Cold wind
  • Moving to a warm or hot environment from a cold one
  • Alcohol
  • Food and beverages containing caffeine (especially hot tea and coffee)
  • Spicy food
  • Foods high in histamine (red wine, aged cheeses, yogurt, beer, cured pork products such as bacon, etc.)